From inside the Babylon, in the post-Talmudic Geonic months,

From inside the Babylon, in the post-Talmudic Geonic months,

Zemah ben Paltoi, Gaon of Pumbedita (872–890), “calls upon a man to flog his wife if she is guilty of assault.” Rabbi Yehudai b. Nahman (Yehudai Gaon, 757–761) writes that: “…when her husband enters the house, she must rise and cannot sit down until he sits, and she should never raise her voice against her husband. Even if he hits her she has to remain silent, because Panaman-naiset, jotka ovat perГ¤isin Yhdysvalloista that is how chaste women behave” (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Ketubbot 169–170). The ninth-century Gaon of Sura, Sar Shalom b. Boaz (d. c. 859 or 864), distinguishes between an assault on a woman by her husband and an assault on her by a stranger. The Gaon of Sura’s opinion was that the husband’s assault on his wife was less severe, since the husband has authority over his wife (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Bava Kamma, ).

An example of a great rabbi whom understood one to Maimonides’s terms justified conquering your spouse for a “good” result in is actually Roentgen

Within the Muslim Spain, Roentgen. Their feelings to the the brand new domineering lady is the fact she can be hit-in order to coach their unique. He writes in his publication Ben Mishlei: “Struck your wife as opposed to hesitation if the she tries to take over your such as for instance a guy and you may introduces their own head [way too high]. Dont, my personal young man, don’t you end up being your wife’s spouse, if you are your spouse would be their own husband’s spouse!” Underlying his conditions is the fact that the better woman is certainly one just who try subservient; the bad lady is one who’s disputatious.

In the following period, known as that of the “ Rabbinic authorities/halakhic decisors/ biblical commentators of the mid-11 th to mid-15 th c.. The period of the rishonim followed that of the geonim and preceded that of the a h aronim. Rishonim ,” Moses ben Maimon (Rambam), b. Spain, 1138 Maimonides (1135–1204) recommends in his Code, the Mishneh Torah she-bi-khetav : Lit. «the written Torah.» The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah , that beating a bad wife is an acceptable form of discipline: “A wife who refuses to perform any kind of work that she is obligated to do, may be compelled to perform it, even by scourging her with a rod” (Isshut ). Some rabbis, such as Shem Tov b. Abraham ibn Gaon (d. Safed, 1312), in his commentary Migdal Oz on Maimonides, understand the referent to be the rabbinic court (beit din), since the word “force” (kofin) is in the plural, rather than the singular. However, most commentators concur that Maimonides means that it is the “husband” who can force her. R. Vidal Yom Tov of Tolosa, the well-known fourteenth-century interpreter of Maimonides’s Mishneh Torah, writes in the Maggid Mishneh that “Nahmanides wrote that we force her with a stick and it is also the view of Rabbenu (i.e., Maimonides) and the major rabbis.” It should be noted that Maimonides was most liberal in grounds for divorce, allowing sexual incompatibility, “me’is alai” (lit. “He is repulsive to me”) as grounds (cf. also Ket. 63b).

Samuel ha-Nagid (936–1056) try among the first sages to help you recommend the latest husband so you’re able to beat his dominating wife to ensure that she stay static in her put

Jonah ben Abraham Gerondi (c. 1200–1263), whom approved the theory one a partner will get beat their partner when the she transgresses: “A man shouldn’t defeat their next-door neighbor. . The man whom sounds their next-door neighbor transgresses a couple bad precepts. And thus it is into the man who beats their spouse. He transgresses a couple negative precepts, if the the guy didn’t hit their unique to reprove their particular for some transgression” [importance mine] (Iggeret Teshuvah, Constantinople, 1548). Ergo Roentgen. Jonah differentiates between partner physical violence and you can complete stranger physical violence. One could just physical violence an individual’s wife in the event that warranted, but one can never ever assault one’s feminine next-door neighbor.

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